What is identity?

In psychology, there are more than 40 theories of personality. And when I think about it, then I have a question, how can one explain such a huge number of theories of the same phenomena?

From the point of view of common sense it would be reasonable to assume that there is one true and the other, therefore, are erroneous. But psychology is not.

Yes, of course, there is division of sciences into basic, applied, and humanitarian. And thereby can be explained by the lack of a unified theory in applied sciences or humanities.

But, in my opinion, there is room for some guile, who used Ostap Bender, drawing his "Sower." Realizing that the painting is no uniform standard, he appealed to the fact that because he sees the world. His employers had the good sense to understand this deception. But it seems that such common sense is not enough in psychology. And such "Sowers" feel quite comfortable in the vast psychology, carrying on their creators Ostapovsky "I see the world."

Let us follow, how was born a number of theories of personality.

Each direction has its own theory, based on which it builds remedial or therapeutic work. Well, and should build or even rely on his theory.

All known Sigmund Freud can be called the first practitioner (advising) psychologist. He was the first who founded his school is in practical patient care. As a result of their work with patients within the therapeutic process, he discovered, or rather built his theoretical model of personality, consisting of It, I and over Y. In general, drew his "Sower." And as a result of a confluence of favorable circumstances that brought him fame, glory and respect. And they began to gather in his school, who saw it as a path of your professional, and personal development. And then it is better not just students, but already and friends, borrowing a part of the success of Freud himself, calling themselves his disciples, have rejected this theory and created their own.

I will give a list of the known his students:

Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney.

And why did it happen? Well, we would work on this concept. Why look for or invent new theories, especially coming into conflict with his teacher?

And so it happened.

Inspired by neophytes Freud, having started to work with their patients, noticed with surprise: what they learned at the school, it does not always work, and most likely, and in general almost never works. But the retreat they were not going to work like, and in the course of the work, for the most part by the method of "spear", began to find new tools of interaction with the client. Which is clearly contrary to Freud's theory.

And it is not the correctness or faithfulness ways and personality psychologists themselves, in their personal capacity, have caused a therapeutic relationship with patients. And, of course, such a discrepancy should have been eliminated. That began to appear personality theory, which would correspond to the way in which these professionals work.

At this stage, in consultation for the past seven years, I also encountered this situation. Therapeutic (well, for the sake of the relevant rules call them psycho-reaction) methods to help clients, for the most part are contrary to the model of personality that are most known. To structure these techniques and explain their impact Psychocorrectional requires its own theory of personality. And I had to do it. Here it is in a very summary form. Personality - a combination of ways to achieve the basic needs of the individual.

In this theory, a person deliberately does not include a set of requirements. Since innate needs only two and they are inherent in all living things to live and reproduce. And all of those goals or needs to which the individual seeks only needed as ways to meet these two requirements.

From the point of view of this theory, a person - a construct nominalizatcii or, in other words to say, the objectification of the verb into a noun and giving this category of independent existence, which is a logical fallacy or metaphysics.

Because has no independent existence of personality without its manifestations.

The totality of the behavior we call personality.

Therefore, the concept of personality itself is erroneous and misleading understanding of the causes of human behavior.