Structure of personality according to Jung

Structure of personality according to Jung

Ego - it is the conscious mind. It is constructed from conscious perceptions, memories, thoughts and feelings. Ego is responsible for the sense of identity and continuity in terms of the individual man is regarded as the center of consciousness.

Personal unconscious - a region adjacent to the ego. It consists of experiences that were once conscious, but repressed, suppressed, forgotten or ignored, and from experience, that the appearance of them were too weak to make an impression on the level of consciousness. The contents of the personal unconscious accessible to consciousness: between the personal unconscious and the ego is a strong "two-way street."

Collective (or transpersonal) unconscious - the most powerful and influential mental system, and in pathological cases, it covers the ego and the personal unconscious (Jung, 1936, 1943, 1945). The collective unconscious - the repository of hidden memories, inherited from ancestors; an inherited past includes not only the racial history of the people as a distinct species, but also the experience of pre-human and animal ancestors. It is almost completely separated from the personal to the individual's life, and, apparently, is universal. The collective unconscious - innate racial basis of the whole structure of personality. It grows the ego, the personal unconscious and the other individual purchase.

Structural components of the collective unconscious are called archetypes (dominant, original images of adults, mythological images, behavioral patterns). Archetype - a universal thought-form (the idea) that contains significant emotional element. This thought-form creates images and visions in normal waking life related to some aspects of the conscious situation. For example, the mother archetype produces the image of a mother, who then identified with the real mother. It is assumed that in the collective unconscious contains many archetypes. Although all of the archetypes can be considered as autonomous dynamic system, relatively independent of the rest in the individual, some developed so that fully justify relation to itself as a separate systems within the individual. These are: Persona, Anima, Animus, Shadow.

Person - this is how we present ourselves to the world. It includes our social roles, personal style of expression. A person has both positive and negative aspects. The dominant person can suppress even stifle individuality. Those who identify themselves with his person, begin to see themselves only in terms of their social roles or surface of the facade. Jung also called Pearson archetype of conformity. However, the person is not only negative, it protects the ego and soul as a whole from the different social forces and aimed at her attempts. Persona - the perfect instrument of communication.

Animus, anima. Jung postulates unconscious structures that represent introseksualnuyu connection in each heart. Feminine archetype in a man called Anima, masculine in the woman - Animus. These archetypes are not only the cause of the presence of representatives of each of the opposite sex characteristics; they also act as a collective way of motivating each sex to ensure that understand the representatives of the other and answer. Shadow archetype - the center of the personal unconscious, the focus for the material, which was left out of consciousness. It includes trends, desires, memories, experiences that are denied by the individual as being incompatible with his person or contrary to social standards and ideals.

Self - is the center of the personality, around which are grouped all the other systems. It holds these systems together and provides the individual the unity, harmony and stability. Self - a goal to which people are constantly striving, but which rarely reach. Before the self materialize, it is necessary that the various components of the individual have been fully developed and individualization. According to Jung's personality can only reach equilibrium as a result of a long process of psychological maturation, they called individualization.

Structure of personality according to Jung