Dissociation - a condition where strong emotions and feelings are eliminated or fenced off from consciousness. For example, if you can not remember the name of his long-time offender, the memory dissociated or chipped off from consciousness. Dissociation may occur as a defense mechanism to experiencing in the moment or in the past trauma. Dissociative condition can also be caused by migraine or reception of narcotic drugs. In addition, some people may spontaneously go into a dissociative state, without the presence of external factors.
Consider the clinical manifestations of dissociation.
1. Mental (psychological) stupefying
Mental stupefying - it is a condition in which a person feels a certain aloofness and detachment from life. In this state, a person is difficult to feel any emotions: love, joy, affection, and even anger. Classes that used to bring joy, now imagine such do not carry. Stupefying can be considered as psychological defense mechanism that eliminates all possible senses to exclude the pain.
2. Impaired perception of the world
A person can simply ignore or do not respond to people and events around him. On such a man say that "he is in his own world", "is in the Fog," "off" and so on. N. As is the case with stupefaction, a way to get rid of unpleasant feelings associated with the trauma. 3. Derealization
Under derealization understand perceptual disorder in which the world seems strange or unreal. Many people often experience a slight de-realization. So, a person can wake up and do not immediately understand where he is or what day it is. Or, for example, after watching the movie interesting and strange, a man goes out and the people and objects around him seem unfamiliar, that is unrealistic. Situations involving a sense of acceleration or deceleration time, can also be attributed to the manifestation of derealization.
Depersonalization reminiscent of de-realization, but the difference lies in the fact that the distortion does not seem to the outside world, and the perception of their own body, the integrity of his own "I". An example of depersonalization may be a situation where the individual seems to be that his body is divided into parts, or part of it loses its sensitivity, warmer, or, conversely, is cold. Also, when depersonalization person can not recognize his reflection in the mirror. Another example is the out-of-body experience, associated with the sensation of leaving her body and often accompanied by supervision by him.
And derealization and depersonalization rather frequent phenomenon experienced by at least the life of up to 74% of the population. Most cases occur during a traumatic event. 5. Amnesia
Amnesia often occurs under stress when you can not remember the details of a traumatic event, an attack or an accident. Such amnesia called psychogenic and represent escape response (displacement) in a situation of stress or trauma. In most such cases, over time, the memory returns. Also, we should mention the origin of the organic amnesia when the memory loss is associated with head trauma, alcoholism, poison pills and other substances.
6. The fugue state
A type of amnesia is dissociative fugue. Sick dissociative fugue suddenly goes to a new place and it forgets all the data about yourself, including your name and place of residence. Memory for the universal information (literature, science, and so on. D.) Is stored. Also retained the ability to learn new things. Patients can come up with for a new biography, name, find a new job and unaware of his illness. Except amnesia, fugue with people behaving quite normally. Fugue state can last from a few hours to several months. Memory usually returns suddenly. This person may forget events that happen to him during the fugue.