Reading Freud. "Analysis of the finite and infinite." Part 2

Reading Freud.

Talking about the power conflicts as the one of the two most critical factors affecting the success of psychoanalytic work, Freud emphasized that the full overcoming / disappearance of the conflict is not only impossible, but also undesirable.

A better way to resolve the conflict between the drives and the ego, Freud found in the "taming" of instinct - in the state, when the instinct is in harmony with the ego.

Such permission instinctual conflicts would be an ideal picture, which could be called a successful completion of the analysis. However, we must not forget that as soon as the power of the ego under the influence of various external factors will be weakened - there is a strong likelihood that the "harnessed", come into harmony with the ego instincts and try again to break free, which entails the possibility of resumption of the former and the emergence of new neurotic manifestations.

In addition, using the apt comparison of displacement forces with a water dam, Freud shows us that even those who might be considered healthy, have periods when the force of their ego certainly weakens (puberty / menopause in women), which often leads to neurotic disruptions.

Arguing from a theoretical point of view, Freud tries to answer the question whether psychoanalytic therapy can do something that could not happen by itself under the most favorable conditions.

He goes back to the very same displacement compared with a water dam.

Freud notes that occurred in early childhood repression if not destroyed all the rest of them takes a new look, the if reconstructed, having now more durable material in its core. We can assume that "dyke", consisting of the converted components, stronger in the struggle against the growing power of the unruly instincts. As regards the practical side of things Freud ruefully admitted that he was not able to clearly and confidently answer the question of what is the real difference between human behavior, which is analyzed, and those who are subjected to analysis was not.

Speaking about the possible results of the analysis, Freud states that is almost always there, "kickbacks" from the resulting outcome of. The result of the analysis may be incomplete reconstruction of the personality. Sometimes, some of the old mechanisms remain untouched or conversion can be completed, not completely. In this context, he recalled the development stage and said that there is no clear differentiation between the stages, there are always some intermediate states. Thus, the earlier lebidoznye fixing stored as residual in the final configuration of the person.

Very interesting view of Freud on the feasibility and the need to target the intentional "awakening" analyst allegedly existing sleeping, but potentially dangerous inner conflict by unlocking that analyst would be able to develop it and thus remove "in the bud". His opinion on this matter sounds quite clearly - no, we have no reason to "let sleeping dogs lie."

However, it does not stop only to express their opinions on this subject. He tries to understand what real instruments analyst has at its disposal in order to activate the latent conflict.

Emphasizing the task of the analyst to "maintain" a certain level of patient frustration in order to keep him satisfied already received tolerable result, Recalling the need to support "in good shape" the relevance of active conflict, he makes a strong case against the possibility of such actions on the conflict suggests conflict latent . Because in their desire to work out the latent conflict analyst at the patient would have to create a situation in which the alleged conflict emerged. And this, according to Freud, is impossible without the creation of meaningful traumatic situations, such as divorce or job loss. "Thus, in practice, this procedure is virtually eliminated," - Freud states flatly. In addition, he draws our attention to the fact that the creation of a new, attracting all the power of the ego, the conflict would create only difficulties in the current analysis, as this new conflict would not be allowed to advance the analytic process.

Freud points out two, in his opinion, the only possible way "psychoanalytic prevention."

  1. Artificially created new conflicts in the transference.
  2. The establishment of such conflicts in the patient's mind in order to attract his attention to certain issues.

With all the temptations voiced the possibility of creating a conflict situation in the transference, it highlights the limitations of the scope of possible relations analyst - patient. Moreover, he recalls that the most important part of the analytical process is the attachment of the patient to the analyst, which can easily lose constantly provoking new negative reaction.

Thus, Freud sees only acceptable way to attract the patient's attention to possible conflicts only then that we can talk to him about it, causing his imagination like (conflict) situation.

Arguing on the distortion of the ego and to defense mechanisms, Freud notes that protective mechanisms, without diminishing their protective function, still contribute to the emergence and maintenance of neurosis, due to the fact that the "confusing" and weaken the ego.

Omitting the arguments of Freud about the peculiarities of the different characteristics of the ego, we note his comment on the identity of the analyst.

He emphasized - despite the fact that we, the experts working in the field of psychoanalysis, people just stay in their quest for "perfection", still can not write off the analyst's personality in the process of analysis. Finally, Freud emphasizes that the purpose of the analysis is not turning into a human patient who is unable to feel emotions. Business analysis, he calls the best performance of the ego.

Will we reach "to the victorious proclamation of" the successful completion of analysis or not - in any case, we are helping the patient to reconsider his views on many things, which is the essence of his problems.