What is psychological trauma
Currently, both from the psychological as well as by people far removed from psychology, you can hear these words: "He is injured," "his psychological trauma."
What is trauma?
It is a pronounced feeling of inability to cope with the threatening situation.
The psychological trauma is accompanied by a sense of helplessness and insecurity. In addition, for the injury is characterized by loneliness experience. Man tends to be encapsulated, and close, despite the fact that he needs strong support, "going out" presents considerable difficulties.
Injury causes a change in brain functioning. The essence of this change is that the signal does not pass through the cortex, and processed more archaic formations.
Not experienced, no-designed injury capable of a lifetime to stay for a person cause a variety of problems. So, difficult and painful separation from a loved one can cause subsequent loneliness.
We can divide the hurt in 2 parts:
- Situational trauma. It takes place simultaneously, for a limited period of time. Another distinctive feature of situational injury - a surprise. Man allegedly caught "off guard."
Situational injuries are caused by a variety of traumatic situations:
- the death of a loved one;
- disease; - an accident;
- loss of a job;
- against the will of the parting with a loved one, etc ..
- The trauma of the injury or affection. Here we have in mind first of all that mental pain is rooted in relationships with significant others. When the pain is stronger capabilities to cope with it.
There are many possible options:
- separation from her mother at an early age;
- lack of care;
- contact with a cold, or, as they say now, 'dead' mother;
- stay with mental disorders (sometimes up to a psychiatric diagnosis) man;
- prolonged insecurity;
- seduction by parents;
- alcoholism or drug addiction relatives;
- divorce ...
Psychology revealed a pattern: is less than a man of injuries, the easier, faster, with less consequences He will outlast situational injury.
Here is an example.
Imagine that the two women were in the same circumstances: the husband goes to another. But one of them has a "good" past experience, strong support, a sufficient amount of support throughout life, stable parents, and the second - an alcoholic mother who sometimes forget to feed poorly looked after, did not care.
What do you think, which of the two will survive the traumatic event? Of course, first. She will experience a lower level of anxiety will be better able to explain what is happening, a blow to the self-assessment will be much less likely there will be the strength and energy to continue his personal life.
Therefore, situational injury as forks cabbage comprises superficial and deeper layers.
Undoubtedly, a survivor of a traumatic event, need psychological help. But here we encounter a paradox: greater than the injured person - the less willing he seeks the help of to psychologists, the support of other people.
The reason for this is that seriously undermined the credibility of the world order.
In many cases, traumatized easier to pull away from the world, which has brought unbearable pain. Often people come to the session to a psychologist after years. And only then revealed that in the history of man has a traumatic event.
Psychological work with the trauma associated with the restoration of confidence, and stay "hidden away" feeling giving "names" symbolization of what happened.
Working with traumatic material should take place in a very accurate doses, so as not to cause retraumatization: re-experiencing the traumatic event.