How to help the brain to better understand and remember the information?
The technique described in the book "How to read, remember and never forget," teach absorb information better and faster without spending a lot of energy. We share with you a few tips.
Fill the void
In one minute, in the head may appear up to 1400 different thoughts. reading speed by an average of about 200 words per minute. In other words, while reading we still have a lot of untapped mental space to think about something else.
That is why during the reading we get distracted by extraneous thoughts: "I need to call my mom, I need to send an email, I have to buy food". Lack of attention makes it difficult to memorize the information. For a quick and full digestion and its analysis requires concentration.
One way to fill the void - to remember the information faster. If you are reading at 300, 400, 500 words per minute, a free space for other thoughts is less. As a result, attention concentration increases and the level of understanding increases, which leads to a better memorization.
Of course, you need to find a balance. If you read too fast, your brain ceases to understand the content of the text, and if too slow - thoughts will wander.
Your reading speed should be determined by the answer to the question: "I understand what you read? "If you do not understand - it is an alarming sign. Then ask yourself this question: "This is because I think of something else? "If so, try to read a little faster.
- Stimulate your brain and fill the void. Or you do not understand the information, because it is complex? Then try to read a little more slowly.
See the big picture
Another way to help our brain to understand and remember the information - to look at the big picture. A simple example - picking up the puzzle. If we were asked to assemble a puzzle of a thousand elements, not looking at the picture, it would be incredibly difficult, because some elements of nothing is said. However, once you see the big picture, you will have a context for each item, which will simplify the task.
It is very difficult to digest is not related to each other pieces of information. Assimilation is faster and more efficient when we understand the overall picture.
Quite an interesting study confirmed this concept. Two groups of students asked to read a detective novel. Participants in the first group received it on the same page, moving on to the next only after the previous reading. Another group of participants were asked to read the conclusion first, so they know who committed the murder and why. And then they were given the book completely.
Comparing the results of the two groups, the researchers found that the group, reading a novel by page, it spent 30% more time, and the test results on the understanding of the text here were lower. The group, which first received a "big picture", to show the level of understanding of the text is 38% higher and better separated the important facts from unimportant. In addition, the formation of the picture allows you to store information for a longer period.
- The information is never in itself, it is always a part of something bigger. Once you see it more, it will be easier to examine individual elements.
The overall picture, especially if it is a large amount of text, helping to carry out a preview. You can navigate in the text, understand what you already know on the subject. This creates expectations about the text. And when you know what to expect during the reading brain cells quickly send the necessary signals.
In other words, you quickly process information. Of course, the look of the text takes time, but it's an investment that pays dividends immediately. The critical moment - ten pages, so if you need to process ten pages of information, first look at it.
Remember how it happens. You are going to see the movie, the trailer is already seen or are you reading a review, that is, you already know the story. Another example - taking part in the races. In this case, the track view is vital. The navigator sits next to the driver, and can warn him about the upcoming maneuvers, such as a sharp turn after 300 meters. Of course, the driver will notice it, too, but now it will be better prepared for it. As a result, the driver can go faster. The same applies to the treatment and the perception of information.
Use images of
What do you remember best - words or images? Most people will tell you that image, and they will be right - the images are stored in the memory of man is incredibly well. As much as one-third of the brain involved in the processing of visual information.
If the information is converted into an image, it clearly and accurately recorded in the memory. Hundreds of studies confirm this. One of them - the paradox of the Baker-Baker. Participants are given a photograph of a man. One group was asked to remember that the name of the man in the photograph - Baker, another - his profession baker (in English - "Baker").
Two weeks later, participants who were told that it was a baker, it could easily remember. And of the participants, who were asked to remember the name, only one was able to reproduce it.
Why is it so different results if the participants had to memorize the same word? This can be explained as follows: when you think about the profession baker, that represent the image of man, something baking. It's just visualize. Remember the name of Baker is not so simple - it does not create in your brain any images unless you know the person with the same name.
At Harvard, doing research, how well the images are stored in our brain. 3000 participants were shown images of deserts, parks and schools, then showed 200 pairs of images, consisting of new and those that they have seen, and asked to see the image that they are already familiar. No one has experienced any difficulties, recognition accuracy was 96%. Even when the researchers increased the number of images you need to remember the ability of participants to play them is not reduced.
- Therefore, if you want to store the information, it makes sense to convert it into an image.
Can I do this with any information? No, but with a certain share of fantasy is usually effective.
Suppose you want to remember the name of Hank, your new friend. This name is consonant with the word "tank". Imagine that Hank is sitting in a tank. It sounds a little strange, but the name has become a way, and the brain is much easier to process this information.
The images can even translate the figures. For example, the number 2 looks like a swan, and figure 8 - like a snowman.
Not always you need to convert information in the images themselves. If the text next to a drawing, it will be easier to remember it. Even if the figure does not apply to the text, the information will still linger in the memory, because the image will leave a mark in it.
One study nicely this proved by the example of what kind of newspaper articles more memorable. Most people remember the article next to the advertisement. This is surprising, because advertising is usually nothing to do with the text of the article. Besides a simple explanation: consciously or unconsciously, you associate the information with the image side by side. It gives your brain an extra hook for reproducing information.
From the perspective of recovery is not important from the memory, the image is relevant to the text or not. The image can even be as simple as a painted sun. So you can take this idea into service: draw something on the field or next to your notes - storing and handling this information be simplified.
Based on the book "How to read, remember and never forget"