Intuition: to trust or not?
The morning Alexander somehow bought a newspaper that never bought before. "I do not know why I did it - he says - I like something pushed. And then she opened the newspaper literally on the advertisement page, and among them, I immediately saw the address of the apartment, offered for sale. The area in which I have always dreamed of living, and the price is right! I called the realtor went to look - and for nearly ten years since we live in this apartment! "
Moments when we unwittingly do extraordinary things happen in our lives more than once, and usually we tend to explain their work intuition. According to the dictionary, intuition - it is our "knowledge that occurs without awareness of the ways and conditions of its receipt." * Taking this definition, we thereby recognize that not all the processes taking place in our thinking, can be explained by the usual, familiar to us logic.
The scientific recognition of
So whether or not to trust the sixth sense? "No" - are responsible for many years scientists. Arising out of nowhere, do not correlate with any of the five human senses, ** intuition for a long time of no interest to the scientific world. In 1958, the American sociologist James Staunton (James Stounton) decided to find out whether to trust your instincts people. He analyzed data on more than 200 rail crashes and more than 50 crashes and found that successfully completed flights trains or aircraft interiors were filled with an average of 76%, and in case of emergency - only 61%. 15% of the passengers before the trip, trusting your intuition, refused to travel. But why it did not work in the other? It is logical to assume that the intuition to give signals to all passengers without exception, but most of them simply ignored by submitting a powerful incentive - determination, curiosity or official duty. Later, a leading US neuroscientist, a professor at the University of Iowa (USA), Antonio Damasio (Antonio Damasio) and the French neurologist Antoine Bechara (Antoine Bechara) investigated the response of the human nervous system, making the decision, "random". To this end, the medical University of Iowa College of curious experiment was carried out. Sixteen participants took turns pulling the card out of the deck, and the winner will face serious cash prize.
And what is surprising: if the player drew a card that later turn out happy, his nervous system to work normally. When a player wanted to pull a losing card, he began to worry, nervous system, as if anticipating failure, handed him the alarm. After processing the results, the researchers suggested that "there is an unconscious mechanism that controls behavior, which should be recognized as an integral part of the thinking."
Today, the ability to instant sensory awareness of the truth, bypassing logical thought is being studied in many scientific centers of the world. Head of the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Amsterdam Dr Dick Bierman (Dick Bierman) says: "Many experiments confirm that the human mind is sometimes really able to run forward and, having made a small leap into the future, to warn us of danger."
"It's easy to be wise after something has happened," - ironically the English writer Arthur Conan Doyle. This law failed to confirm American psychologists Martin Bolt and John Brink (Martin Bolt, John Brink) in the early 90s. They asked students to name the result of a vote in the Senate the controversial Supreme Court nominee. 58% predicted candidate success. A week later, when the controversial nomination was approved by the Senate, the experiment participants were asked to recall what their assumptions, and already 78% of respondents said they do not doubt the success of the candidate. The explanation is simple: in anticipation of the event with an ambiguous outcome, we are considering different variants, including the most unlikely. Therefore, when the event finally occurs, we can always resort to the innocent self-deception, remembering that such an option also came to mind. Sergey Stepanov
* Short psychological dictionary. Ed. A. Petrovsky, M. Yaroshevsky. Phoenix, 1998.
** Touch, charm, hearing, taste, sight - the five senses was first described by Aristotle in his treatise "On the soul ".
One of the most successful businessmen of our time, George Soros has repeatedly acknowledged that it conducts its financial affairs, relying less on the arguments of reason, but rather on physical sensation: Any wrong decision causes him severe pain in his back.
Each of us has his own "light." Someone has a premonition of danger on the body level (for example, it could signal stomach cramps or tingling, which is covered by the skin), someone clue is a sudden inexplicable desire or, on the contrary, an acute reluctance to commit any action. Someone discriminates caution chance to hear the word, someone to help visual images. In any case, intuition is always acute.
One of its main features - spontaneity. "If out of thin air comes to us the decision of a problem on which to do this, we suffered a whole month, nothing surprising in this, - the psychologist Sergey Stepanov says. - Just our brain has analyzed the information and no additional order responded to the question posed earlier. With the intuition is different. Sometimes we get an answer even before have time to formulate a question! "At the same thoughts and decisions appear as if by themselves, without any apparent mental stress. For example, Natalia, a mathematician and director of studies of the prestigious physico-mathematical school for 15 years taking part in the interview with the applicants. "It is necessary to enter an applicant, I can already see, he will be able to study with us, or not survive, - she says. - Of course, the decision is made by the commission, but in all my years I have intuition never failed! "
"Our consciousness is able to react in advance to warn of the danger."
Another manifestation of intuition - is empathy, the ability to understand the world of another person's feelings, partake of his emotional life. This phenomenon is widely used in psychotherapy. "How can I be treated without intuition? - asks the therapist Tatiana Bednik. - It's part of human nature, and its roots - in our capacity for empathy and compassion. The therapist is important to trust your instincts and not try to immediately drive everything that happens in strict rational framework. "
What psychologists say
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (Carl Gustav Jung), the founder of analytical psychology, argued that the world is known by us through four psychological functions: feeling, thinking, feeling and intuition. It was the latter provides additional information outside the control of the five main senses.
Italian neurologist Roberto Assagioli (Roberto Assagioli), psychosynthesis inventor, introduced the concept of "super-conscious" - this is an area located on the unconscious, where they are born foreboding, as well as artistic, philosophical or scientific insights.
Russian physiologist and psychologist Alexey Ukhtomsky believed intuition prelogical special unit of knowledge, which included the observation, sensitivity, insight, conscience. By "intuition of conscience," he meant "mysterious judging the voice within us that gathers in itself all the inherited experience of life and the kind of special warning unrest and higher-order emotions about what is being done to us."
Do not create illusions
One intuition helps others may do a disservice. "Premonitions are false when people wishful thinking, - says Sergey Stepanov. - In such cases, the wrong is not intuition, but we are taking inspiration for his own hypothesis that came from above. " Our unconscious desires often do not give us the right to interpret the signals of an inner voice. "My mother has a very good intuition - says 28-year-old Julia photo editor. - But with regard to my friends it is always wrong: too it would be desirable, that all I was good. " "I wanted to get the position that during the interview took common courtesy people who talked with me, for a sign that I will certainly take on a job, - says 34-year-old Anna. - God, how disappointed I was when I realized my mistake! " Another obstacle - our fears. "Most of them born out of our past experience, - explains Tatiana Bednik. - The experience becomes a part of us and does not allow us to perceive new. Ingrained in the flesh and blood of installation like, "I never did not work," "Love - it's not mine," "At my age, this is unreal," - prevent understand what our inner voice whispers ". That is, in deciphering the messages coming from the depths of our consciousness, excessive emotionality - it does not matter whether it is with the "plus" or with a "minus" - may confuse us all the cards and eventually cause serious harm.
"Premonition can deceive when we want wishful thinking."
to try to find an internal reserve
Intuition - a unique mechanism that allows us to use their own deep-seated feelings and thereby strengthen the faith in their own strength. "Our customers - says Tatiana Bednik - it is important to find an explanation for the unusual things that happened to them: hunches, sudden insights, strange physical sensations. They understand their importance and seek to learn how to interpret them in order to continue to use them wisely. "
Different types of psychotherapy to help get rid of the existing locks, are taught to understand themselves and not remain a prisoner of his own clichéd notions about himself and the world around them. "Starting from these basic things - continues Tatiana Bednik, - one gradually gains confidence in his abilities." Listen to your intuition - it does not mean to become a managed machine. Capture and understand its signals are not attempting to downplay or exaggerate their importance - that's the best way to use this amazing feature of human thinking.
6 paths sixth sense
Some tips to develop your intuition.
- 1 regularly meditate in any way. So you clear your mind and settle "internal reserve space." Try to meditate at the same time, best in the morning, in a specially designated place.
- 2 Pay attention to your physical sensations. Observe how your body reacts to a particular situation, and try to understand what it means.
- 3 Learn to remain calm. Use the moments of solitude, to understand yourself.
- 4 Explore the possibilities. In place of mini-experiments during the day. For example, try to guess who is calling you. And if you suddenly feel that someone from the family is something unusual, call themselves.
- 5 Keep a diary. Every day, write down to their apprehension (whether confirmed or not) and physical sensations: you will better understand their behavior and will be able to feel the difference between their own assumptions and intuition signals.
- 6 Whenever possible, always tell the truth. If you live in a lie, the feeling will also be false.
Aristotle "On the soul" Peter 2002.
Alexei Ukhtomsky "Intuition of Conscience", St. Petersburg writer 1996.
Nikolai Lossky "Sensual, intellectual and mystical intuition" Terra - Book Club, Republic of 1999.
Eugene Feinberg "Two Cultures. Intuition and Logic in Art and Science "age 2, 2004.