To be able to speak in public
Adolf Harrache - a psychotherapist, a leading group of developing personal training and workshops for psychologists.
Think about the other person
Attention and interest of the audience to the speakers are not provided in advance. Therefore, he should be able to establish contact with the audience, hold their attention. To be able to say - and this is to be able to listen, to be attentive to the reactions of the other person so as to adapt our words and our way of speaking to his expectations, opportunities and emotions. "This does not mean that we need to be led by those who are sitting in the hall, catching their wishes and try to please them - says Adolf Harrache. - In order to convey to them my thoughts, you need to be yourself and realize that the audience is not one, that it is composed of individuals with whom you should be ready to engage in dialogue. In their reaction can be caught, what questions they can ask what they may have objections, counter. Speech at the public in the form is a monologue, but in fact it is always a dialogue (even mentally) with the audience. "
is brought into conformity with the behavior of his speech
As with any communication, in a public statement has two plans: what we say and how to speak. Intonation, facial expressions, gestures are no less important than the words, the content of speech. Speaking with the students in the confidential tone, you can not look arrogant; wanting them to carry away, it is impossible to speak calmly. "If the speaker's behavior is inconsistent with, the purpose of his speech will be unattainable: the audience feels false, closes cease to perceive the content and meaning of speech - convinced Adolf Harrache. - If a person believes in something that says, knows his subject, captured by his exposition, he does not think about posture, gesture and facial expression - they are the natural frame of words. "
Believe in what you say,
Speech to the audience - it is not his role, and not a game to the public. In order to listen to us, are interested in the subject of speeches, we must believe what we say. When we are confident in their thoughts and in their words, we are always convincing and able to excite others. "Bad, he pretends to be someone (as it seems) at the moment wants to see his audience, - says Adolf Harrache. - He guesses how to behave, and therefore plays the role of tune. A good speaker nobody pretends not to identify themselves with a particular role, speaking to the audience, he remains true to himself, and that is what creates trust with the audience. "
Breathe, you get excited!
Addressing the audience, each of us experiences a certain excitement. However, if we are nervous too, it may prevent the contact with the audience, to convey to them my thoughts. "Emotion can learn to control and keep within reasonable limits", - the president of the American Association for the Development of Communication Allen Weiner (Allen Weiner). It offers tips to help make it less visible signs of emotion *.
If your hands were shaking, it shows that you are afraid of the performance in front of strangers. Do your records are not on pieces of paper, and on the cards: the paper has less weight and large size and because of that hand shake becomes more noticeable. Do not keep constantly in the hands of the pointer, or other items that will make your excitement more evident. Fussy walking on the stage - another sign of anxiety. Move closer to the public and stop. Then take a few steps in the other direction and again Freeze.
Of great importance is the way you wipe the beads of sweat stood out. If you deploy a handkerchief and begin to rub his forehead, then at the same time looks like a man on the verge of a nervous breakdown. It is better to keep a handkerchief folded. Blotted his forehead easy movement and immediately put a handkerchief in his pocket.
* M. Kouchner. "The ability to speak in public for the" dummies ". Williams 2006.
Remain master of your emotions
It is impossible to speak in public, if you do not own them. Driven by a strong joy, anger or sadness, we lose the ability to feel the audience to hold the attention of listeners. However, the control of emotions is not to suppress them if he felt that something annoys him, or laugh, he could admit it to the audience, to make it the subject of conversation, to beat. This technique helps to establish an informal relationship with the audience, to establish contact, to win. Also, ownership is acquired through various techniques of relaxation and breath control.
To read, to write, to tell
Many of us act in public, without a clear plan, the idea that we want to say. Improvising, using imprecise words and phrases that we prevent public to understand us. It is important to train and talk with the audience, very clear, logical, clearly expressing his thoughts. Therefore oratory requires constant work, which can be expressed in three words: read, write, speak. Read on to enrich their vocabulary; to write, to learn how to articulate what you want to say; speak to learn to think out loud.
- Mikhail Bakhtin. "Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics." Next, 1994.
- Carsten Bredemaier. "A contributing rhetoric? Accurate answer! ". Phoenix, 2007.
- Vladimir Levi. "The Art of Being a". Globe, 2000.