Carl Gustav Jung, the man-Institute
Even against the backdrop of other brilliant teachers of life of Carl Jung figure does not cease to amaze - primarily for its fantastic encyclopaedic and productivity. He made during his long life simply does not fit in my head - not so much in terms of how much of the diversity, breadth and depth of coverage studies. His works (in addition to psychology and psychiatry) - a cultural studies, philosophy, literature, western and eastern religions, alchemy, occult knowledge, and in any of these areas, Jung was not a dilettante. During his lifetime Institute named after him it was open, but he himself was a man-Institute. Jung is so ahead of its time that it it still has not caught up. Read Young not easy. He throws out at you a huge amount of information, assuming you base a high level of culture and skills of challenging mental work.
Finally, of all the classics of psychology of personality Jung - the most consistent dialectic. For him, everything has its opposite and complement, like yin and yang. That is how, for example, relate to his conscious and unconscious: they are not in conflict, like Freud, but not synergistic, like Adler, they are upside down mirror each other as photonegative and positive - and complementary.
Jung rejects the search for the ultimate truth, it is all over looking for balance and harmony. And even in the theories of destroying one another of its great rival contemporaries of Freud and Adler, he sees only an unfortunate one-sided ...
- July 26, 1875: Born in Kessvile (Switzerland).
- 1900: Graduated from the University of Basel with the diploma of a doctor, began to specialize in psychiatry.
- 1906 met with Sigmund Freud, psychoanalysis is interested.
- 1909: the book "Diagnosis of association."
- 1910-1914: President of the International Psychoanalytic Society.
- 1912 published a book "Libido, his metamorphosis and symbols"; publication of differences with Freud.
- 1913-1914: the break with Freud, the foundation of the school of analytical psychology.
- 1921: the book "Psychological Types".
- 1928 starts studying alchemy.
- 1935 Titular Professor of Higher Technical School of Zurich.
- 1948: Opening of the Jung Institute in Zurich.
- June 6, 1961: died in Küsnacht (Switzerland).
The keys to understanding the
Most popular (more precisely, popularized) the idea of Carl Jung - is a personality typology. It is primarily based on the difference between extroverts - people oriented outward - and introverts - those who live longer inner life. To this he adds, and the classification based on the features of several psychological functions: thinking, feeling, sensation and intuition. Typology of Jung's easy to turn into a fascinating intellectual game than that and is engaged in the discipline today, calling itself "socionics".
The structure of the unconscious
In the understanding of the unconscious Jung I took a lot of Freud, but a lot and changed. Most importantly, along with the unconscious, which is formed in the individual experience, Jung discovered another collective unconscious, elements of which are shared with different people. Analysis of its structures (archetypes) is the basis of Jung's teachings.
The legacy archetypes
He describes the archetypes of masculine and feminine, the shadow side of the personality, integrity, archetypes of the house, the wise old man, the social mask-person - each material category of human life has its own archetype. They affect the process of learning and action, like the instincts of animals. Archetype - a unique form of packaging of human experience, which is inherited by each of us, but in the course of life is filled with unique individual experience, which everyone has.
to the individuation path
The first of psychologist Carl Jung spoke of self-realization, but prefer other (own) the term - "individuation." He was referring to the establishment of a coherent and unique individuality through the processes of consciousness. In social life, he thought, dominated by the unconscious collective interaction patterns and behaviors.
To be true to its (internal) law
maturation process for the Young - the time of formation of the person. It is therefore important to realize its purpose, to be faithful to their own (internal) law. In this way we will inevitably awaits loneliness, because we can not move forward if you are not going to listen to yourself, and we will only follow the advice of others. Personality development, writes Jung - this is happiness, but to pay for it the high price is not all ready.
- Carl Gustav Jung. "Psychological Types". Juventa, 1995.
- Carl Gustav Jung. "Memories, Dreams, Reflections." Air Land, 1994.
- Gerhard Wehr. "Carl Gustav Jung". Ural LTD, 1998.