The philosophy of the moment
Epicurus (341-270 BC. E., Greece)
To live in harmony with their nature
Carpe diem ( "Seize the Day") - is, of course, a variation on the hic et nunc ( "here and now"). Appeal to catch the moment, we are obliged to Horace, but inherited it from Epicurus; it is often interpreted as an invitation to unrestrained revelry. However, if the Epicurean "catches the day ', this does not mean that he is betrayed sexual excesses, gluttony and laziness. He practices rational hedonism that requires firmness and zeal. This philosophy states that our suffering comes not from reality itself, but from the view that we have of it. The goal, therefore, is to get rid of their misconceptions and rely on the most basic, that will not disappoint - nature. Or, if we are talking about an individual - on the body and its sensations. Live in the present with this understanding comes down to in order to live in accordance with nature, relying on his body, listening to him and following his propensity for "the simple and necessary pleasures."
This "Epicurus welcomes Menekeya" in the book "On the Nature of Things," World of Books, Literature 2006.
Seneca (4 BC -.. 65, Rome)
To dispose over a
"The most important obstacle to the fact that to live - this expectation, which depends on tomorrow, and so miss the day today," - says who wrote "On the brevity of life." According to this stoic, the source of our problems is that we are concerned about are not things beyond our control (fate, death) to the detriment of what we can influence. Meanwhile, as he writes in "Moral letters to Lutsiliyu", "Only time belongs to us." Where advice: "Until now, your time has eluded you. Catch it and take care of him. " How? It should cease to postpone all on then - "This approach prevents join the day that it replaces the current reality of the promise of good things to come" - and benefit from every day, learning and acting. So for Nero's tutor fully live now means once again belong to myself. This medication from a sense of powerlessness and passivity of the passions that torment us, and above all - the fear of death, fear is as universal as it is useless. This Seneca "Moral letters to Lutsiliyu" World of Books, Literature 2006.
"hold in their hands today - less will depend on tomorrow. Not that long will be put off, the whole of life, and will fly. " Seneca
Montaigne (1533-1592, France)
In order to live life to the fullest
"When I dance, I dance classes when I sleep, I fall asleep. When I was lonely stroll in the beautiful garden and my thoughts for a while outsiders are busy with things, I then return them to walk to the garden, to the sweet solitude of self. " Under the guise of stories from his own life, expounded the same "with the jumps and somersaults," Montaigne in his "experience" offers us a philosophy of everyday life. Was influenced by the Stoics and Skeptics, he believes that our thoughts can not give us any confidence in anything and that the world - it's just the "eternal swing." So, it is useless to engage in order to look for happiness in some truth which must achieve; all we can do - is to live what we have, including the taking of pleasure. In other words, this is what he calls "live a propos" (ie relevant, by the way), and said the "great and glorious masterpiece of" human.
This Michel de Montaigne "experience" Eksmo 2007.
"I must not write clever books, and reasonable behavior in everyday life, not to win battles and conquer the land, and to restore order and establish peace in the ordinary circumstances of life." Montaigne
Pascal (1623-1662, France)
To behave reasonably
"Let everyone look narrowly to his thoughts, and he is satisfied that they are all busy past or future." For the author of "thought" it serves as a proof that "we never live, but only have a life." According to Pascal, we are "filled with imprudence, wandering in time, we are not owned by, ignoring the fact the only one that is given to us, full of vanity, completely immersed in the disappeared, mindlessly slipping away from that one, which is in front of us." For the philosopher this behavior says about our weakness. "The fact that this usually causes us pain. When it hurts us, we try not to see it, and when it is gratifying - grieve, seeing how fast it escapes. " Accept longer live the present and the past as a means of serving the future as a goal - it is, according to Pascal, the only position that allows you to live if you are not happy, then at least sensible.
This Blaise Pascal "Thoughts", ACT 2003.
Gregory Tulchin (1947, Russia)
To live creatively
"In life there are no goals, no" should. " All of it - a real means of my "can not help it," my Happening - game, which means that the experience of the world and themselves, which makes the usual unusual, strange. " Life - it is a holiday, which we were allowed and in which we participate, and for myself, and for others. And so in all, even the most desperate circumstances. Man has lost a loved one. I learned about the hopeless diagnosis. Rescues a habit - to do something devoid of sense at first glance. The man was saved from disaster. I was alone in the forest, on an island on Earth. To live, he is looking for employment, goals, objectives, sometimes absurd, but it absolutely necessary. The man was in prison. He writes novels and plays chess in his mind, in his imagination travels to the North Pole ... All this - the loss, loneliness, prison - reveals the most important thing in life, leaves man alone with her in the eye. That we may see: our life - is a continuous improvisation, which is possible only in the present. This: Gregory Tulchin "imposture. The phenomenology of evil and the metaphysics of freedom, "RKhGI 1996.
Gregory Pomerantz (1918, Russia)
To be happy
The ability to live in the present is inseparable from the feeling of happiness. "People have forgotten how to happiness. First, earthly happiness, it was announced the replacement of eternal life. Then rushed to the other side and started to look for a particular eternity, outside of time, after time, as though eternity may be before or after as if she had not all HERE and NOW. "
Happiness Grigory Pomerantz suggests a sense of eternity "at any moment of time." To experience this feeling prevents us from our dispersion, dispersal, and not the circumstances, as we often think. After all, in any lumen joy we can share it with others. "The pace of civilization can not be changed, but our will - I would even say that it is our duty - to be able to be happy at the slightest opportunity. Happiness is not a substitute for life, but life itself in its depths. With all its troubles, but with the power that gives it depth. "
This: Grigory Pomerantz "Notes ugly duckling" Moscow Worker, 1998.
"The happiness of life is born of composure, concentration on depth. You can just barely see the tree and be happy. " Grigory Pomerantz