As talismans help us

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

Every morning started with the collector that greeted standing on his desk Chinese statuette - a porcelain figurine of the god of contentment. "He never departed from the ritual, and statues, it was a great honor, because all the rest of it is removed from the office!" - recalls the housekeeper ... Sigmund Freud. Curious behavior for a man to expose superstition, who described the phenomenon of magical thinking and does not nourish reverence for religion! However, among the so-called rational thinking people it is not the only one who had any fetish, "magical" trinkets or personal ritual to mend relations with the fortune. So, Winston Churchill just for this purpose stroking black cats, and Sergei Korolev never appointed launch spacecraft on Monday.

We are in this sense not much different from the past celebrities. According to a recent survey, only 7% of the readers do not recognize Psychologies superstitions *. The others in certain circumstances, are still hoping for help talismans people signs or certain rituals.

Elena, 28 years, editor of "Plush mouse brings good luck"

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

A couple of years ago, colleagues gave me a little stuffed mouse, saying that it brings happiness. The miracles I do not believe, but the mouse seemed to me a pretty, she immediately honored place on the TV in the living room was set aside. Laugh laugh, but since then, with me, as if in a fairy tale, began to happen amazing event: the growth has gone to the quarry, to arrange private life, many dreams have come true. It appeared that this toy and actually brings happiness. Once I grabbed his arm with a "stroll" in another city and accidentally forgot it there, and after returning home, began to notice that my happy life is bursting at the seams: at home and at work there was the sea of ​​serious problems to solve are not It succeeded. But when a year later the mouse finally came back to me, all over again to get by though by itself. I understand that everything that happened - a chain of coincidences, but still a little stuffed mouse I have since considered lucky and nowhere else leave. "

"into adulthood, we also find affordability" transitional objects "by which reassured himself."

Eternally Alive

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

The so-called superstition - one of the most enduring things in the world: the objects supposedly bring good luck or bad luck, and rituals to ensure a favorable development, humanity is using from time immemorial. Many of them managed to survive more than one change of centuries and cultures, despite the antagonism of the ministers of religion. In medieval Europe, the wearing of luck rabbit's foot or four leaf clover Catholic Church equated to witchcraft; Petrine Russia in adherence to popular belief might lead to enforced public church penance, and sometimes the death penalty. In the XVIII century in the struggle against superstition came the Enlightenment philosophers - Voltaire, Diderot, Montesquieu, Helvetius, and others proclaimed that these prejudices are absurd, as contrary to reason, and at the same time that all religions ultimately too is nothing but superstition . A science of the twentieth century setting, all contrary to the laws of rationality (including ghosts, the afterlife, telepathy and so on. D.) Has no right to exist, it has become an axiom. Today, under the superstitious behavior, we usually mean the belief that certain actions or objects magically can cause favorable or unfavorable consequences for us ... and do not seem willing to give up this belief.

Elena, 24 years old, assistant advertising department, "Mommy ring keeps the energy of love"

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

Dad gave Mom the ring immediately after the wedding. It is very modest, inexpensive, but for me - one of the most valuable things. When I was fifteen, my father was tragically killed, and her mother, which was hard to see the items associated with it, it gave me a ring. Perhaps due to the fact that it focuses the energy of love of my parents, it brings me only good luck. Finally, believe in the power talisman made me one event: during the journey to the groom, I left the ring in the old apartment, and between us once the conflict began, which led to the rupture. After a while I began to re-wearing mother's ring, and soon we were with former fiance met by chance, and then got married. I do not know, this is a coincidence or not, but my husband and I never again had a fight in eight years. A ring on my finger protects me from harm. "

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

ritual birth

Olympic champion Tatiana Navka admits that he always puts on skates starting with the left foot; her colleague Evgeny Plushenko during the competition avoids shave; famous tennis player Elena Dementieva is trying not to step on the line marking on the court ... "Superstitions tenacious because tenacious dangers that are an integral part of our lives - says Jungian psychotherapist Julia Kazakevich. - We are driven by the desire to protect yourself from them - by all available means. In addition, for each such gesture usually worth a story that once happened to the man and made a strong impression on him. " "Sometimes it is enough to subject one day was associated with happy with the situation, and it is already becoming a talisman for its owner getting a special meaning," - adds a Jungian psychotherapist Leo Khegai.

What is important is superstition in the structure of the human psyche? As explains the analyst Myunsterberger Werner (Werner Muensterberger), our special attachment to certain objects originates in early childhood. Newborn baby makes no distinction between himself and his mother, lives in a state of merging with it. But one day, he discovers that the mother can and leave, disappear. Overcome with anxiety, he reaches out, grabbing an object and holds it near her. British psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott (Donald Winnicott) called this item "transitional object": it is not part of the baby's body, but not yet received by it as belonging to external reality. ** Such an object can be a soft toy, the diaper area or the other thing, which symbolically is the child of his continuation in the outside world, allowing him to ease fear of being alone and focus on yourself. "So in adulthood, we find available" transitional objects "with which assure themselves," - explains the Jungian analyst Madina Slutskaya.

Andrew, 20 years old, Editor "Hand of Buddha dispels my fears"

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

My mascot looks like palm symbolizes the Buddha's hand gesture which, according to legend, is the protection, peace, benevolence, scattering fear. This dear thing to me is its unusual history. When my grandfather was at the front, she came up to him and said, gypsy strange phrase: "In three days you will be killed unless razomknesh fingers." And exactly three days next shell exploded, grandfather concussion and covered with earth; almost a day he lay, with no hope of rescue. But fortunately, my grandfather dug, and what's amazing body he did not have a single scratch. Brushing his coat, he found in his pocket a piece of metal - whether a splinter, or something else. Looking closer, he saw that the object has the shape of a palm with open fingers. And after a while my grandfather was surprised to realize that do not feel a desire for revenge, because I do not feel hatred towards those who are called enemies. Despite this, he fought bravely and came to Berlin. Now mascot grandparents moved me. This heirloom I Bank and the crucial moments of life to take with me for good luck. "

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

Another explanation gives the Jungian theory of the collective unconscious, according to which each of us from birth carries a shared memory of mankind, where all universal symbols, themes are stored Carl Gustav Jung called "archetypes." Dragon, hero, princess or old - all these images to us charged with emotional energy, they pop up in our dreams, when a similar topic involves some problem or situation ... that allows us then to decipher and more successfully to solve themselves. According to Madina Slutskaya, "any mascot endowed with certain archetypal content that helps our psyche become familiar with what is happening, to reduce the level of anxiety in a variety of situations."

a good sign ... and not

"The so-called transitional objects help the child to alleviate fear of loneliness and FOCUS on yourself."

"To understand what function is performed by our superstitions, it is also necessary to put them in a time context, - says the analyst Andre Bonaly (Andre Bonaly). - Each of us is constantly builds its future in relation to the past and its own deep desires. Among us there are those who are able to dispose of their time and prefers to manage its future. Such people do not usually need to be "magic" objects or reassuring rituals, because they have the habit to use all possibilities to carry out their wishes and believe only in one thing - in themselves! And there are those who "suffers": such people as if waiting to do all the circumstances decided for them. They are, therefore, will tend to get a mascot or resort to superstitious behavior aimed to ensure that the circumstances were in accordance with their wishes. " Of course, the reality of our behavior is not always fit precisely described in the scope of "passive" may not believe in nothing and "take" may also have some fetish. "In any case, have your treasured mascot or a ritual in itself is not bad, quite the contrary - adds the analyst. - It helps us to focus our internal strength and overcame trouble to make our actions more effective. "

Alex, 26 years old, the chief editor of MAXIM Detox "Unexpected dollar keeps me on the steep turns"

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

At fourteen, alone, without parents, I went to America. Hearing that local machines with sweets instead willingly accept dollar coins dvadtsatirublevye our (by then already obsolete), I immediately began to successfully use this joyful discovery. My Dolce Vita lasted for as long as one of the machines unexpectedly stalled. I got nervous and started to frantically pushing all the buttons; machine groan, growl and finally gave me a dollar. Here it is my joy knew no bounds. This I have not spent a dollar, but kept as a talisman, thinking that he is sure to bring me luck. And so it happened. Although my life several times dramatically changed radically, this coin has supported me all the sharp turns. And today, my talisman gives me the belief that, whatever follies I have made, everything will be fine. Is not this confirmed by the fact that stupid boy's decision to cheat machines eventually ended this magical gift ?! "

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

It is important to add, however, that excessive belief in magic items can become dangerous. "If a person loses self-confidence, it is completely passive, he may develop obsessive-compulsive disorder - emphasizes Madina Slutskaya. - At the same personality disorder, he will have a constant desire to fulfill objectively inappropriate, but for himself endowed with a special sense of action. " In addition, the "magical" objects - "charged" amulets, crosses, rings - may be a means of manipulation. But, except for these extremes, a drop of superstitious eccentricity enables us to relate to a little easier life, sometimes depart from the habits of all control, manage every moment. Signs and beliefs attached to the charm of life, preserving in her share of secrets. "Every faith - says Leo Khegai - gives us an irrational way of relating to the world, the ability to paradox and ambivalence, tolerance and ignorance own nevsemoguschestvu. It activates the intuitive perceptual knowledge of the world and serves as the basis for any spontaneous creativity. "

In other words, a fraction superstitions reasonable relation to life not a handicap. What became clear to the student, has visited the laboratory of the Danish physicist and Nobel Prize winner Niels Bohr in 1922. Having seen over the door of the famous scientist nailed a horseshoe, the student was surprised: "I would never have thought that such a man as you could believe in such superstitions!" Bohr replied: "I do not believe it. But it seems that a horseshoe brings luck whether you believe it or not! "

As talismans help us

PHOTO Gleb Cordoba

Dmitri, 50 years, drummer "Old hatchet protects my housing,"

At home I kept one funny thing - darkened by the time the ax with a rounded blade and boat hook. Once served as the subject attribute of the fire board, then went to my friend, and from him to me. This hatchet, despite its fearsome appearance, I felt not the destructive power of knives, but rather a kind of protective force. I think the purpose of the direct impact of this subject - to be an instrument of salvation from disaster. Maybe in me awoke throwback to cave times, but this ax I find a talisman of their homes. "

Prepared by Julia and Julia Rublev Warsaw

* In a survey conducted on www.psychologies.ru site in July - August 2009, took 2418 people attended.

** D. Winnicott, "Transitional objects and transitional phenomena. A study of the first "non-self" -predmeta ". Anthology of Contemporary Psychoanalysis. T. 1. Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2000.