I badly landmark
To get from point A to point B - for some it is not an easy task, and even quite a feat. "Topographical cretinism" - jokingly called this by a serious problem, sometimes adding that women suffer from it more often than men. What is the reason such a disorientation in space and how to cope with it?
"park the car in front of a hypermarket and then can not find it, go with a cart on the parking lot, look out. Even more difficult to find it in the city. Avenues, squares, right-left ... In my head all mixed up, "- sad 34-year-old Alena. A familiar story? Many women and men around the city as if through a maze. "The sense of orientation on the ground does exist - explains Gestalt therapist Serge Ginger (Serge Ginger). - But it is not related to the individual perception of the body (unlike the other five senses), not inherent in us initially, but is the result of processing of the information produced by the brain. "
I have a little testosterone "Male hormone testosterone contributes to the active development of the right hemisphere of the brain, which is responsible for our spatial perception - continues Serge Ginger. - Thus, despite the fact that visual memory is worse in men than in women, they have an "inner sense of space." Anthropologist Marina Butovskaya confirms the importance of the amount of testosterone in the blood: "When the level of this hormone in the blood of women rises (this happens during periods of menstruation), they begin to better navigate on the map. But in general, men are more successful than women to perform tasks that require spatial thinking. " However, we must bear in mind that researchers compare the average: for men and for women there is a wide range of possibilities. I was influenced by evolution? to navigate the terrain - not the same thing as to be able to read a map. This feeling helps us precisely in those cases where there is no map at hand. For example, tells us in a strange city, how to get to the hotel. Women and men have different strategies of search behavior. Women are usually guided by specific benchmarks. Men are guided by "a sense of direction." These different types of conduct developed in the course of evolution, men were mostly hunters and often found themselves in unfamiliar places, and women-gatherer alone rarely go far from home. "In pursuit of prey during a hunt, men do not have time to follow the path of their movement, but it tried to return home in the shortest way," - says Marina Butovskaya.
Tatiana, 38 years, the tax inspector
"I have not been able to remember three turns from the subway to my new job. But once I bought a notebook, and now, when I can not find their way, I carefully look around, instead of panicking. Noticed something interesting, I make a record of it, and point out the street name. Then I ask for directions or check with the card. Notebook always with me, and now I know in the city amazing places that many people do not realize. Friends even once asked me for it to consider an interesting route for walking. "
- "Gestalt. Contact Art "Serge Ginger gestalt therapy methods as a tool to improve the interaction with the environment, other people and yourself (Culture 2009).
- "Mysteries of sex. Man and woman in the mirror of the evolution of "Marina Butovskaya How culture affects the behavior of men and women in different situations? Written in a clear and lively language, the book is based on serious scientific studies (Century 2, 2004).
I do not trust myself. The ability to focus can be developed. But it is difficult for those who are prone to panic and to underestimate their capabilities. "Trust in Me could be suppressed in childhood authoritarian parents, but there are other reasons - says family psychologist Inna Shifanova. - First of all, for centuries women are taught that men are superior to their abilities, and these patriarchal prejudices are still very strong. Secondly, it must be admitted, for many of us this "unintentional confusion" - a way to stay in childhood, feel helpless and avoid (at least briefly) from liability. " While this is flirting, there is nothing wrong with that. But this game of helplessness can narrow our horizons. Then comes the time to remember that we're adults, independent people and are able to seek and find solutions to problems that we face. And for this to learn how to treat yourself with trust and respect.
What to do?
If you assess the situation from the point of view of common sense, it is clear that the chances of getting lost in the car or lose we have virtually none. The calmer we will treat the problem more successfully cope with it. After difficulties with orientation and can be viewed with an optimistic position - as an opportunity to once again take a walk and take a closer look to what surrounds us. This is a small electronic device that tells you when you need to turn right, and when it left, we can be a true friend. However, only makes sense to resort to it in difficult routes. Otherwise our "inner compass" runs the risk of rust around. After all, he, like our other abilities, needs constant training.
In a playful way is much easier to learn something else. For example, playing the Rangers, "treasure hunt" on the map or even orienteering courses - a great way to develop a sense of orientation in the terrain.