The love for the country today publicly recognized by many. But aside from the publicity - as evidenced by our attitude to the country where we were born and live?


The pride for our country unites and inspires: just remember newsreels, where thousands of people welcomed Yuri Gagarin, or be on the streets of Spain after winning football team. But do whether patriotic feelings us happier? Sociologists Tim Riskens and Matthew Wright (Tim Reeskens, Matthew Wright) decided to figure out how to influence the sense of self ethnic patriotism (based on common descent, history, religion) and civic patriotism (which is based on liberal values, respect for law and public institutions). * Analysis of the survey data over 40 thousand Europeans from three dozen countries made an unequivocal result: only civic patriotism makes us optimistic and increases our subjective well-being. Why is this happening?

Expert opinion

Maxim Rudnev, a sociologist at: "The feeling of love for the country should be proud to be fed, to be present. Meanwhile, the Russians often feel ashamed for my country, and give a reason for pride unless athletes. Perhaps that's why many people say "good" and the last "bad" present, seek solace in the great stories. Frustration and dislike of everything new turn nationalism and do not make us happier. "

Dmitry Leontyev, a psychologist "obzhivaya space around them, we extend the concept of" own "to the borders of the country, and then to all mankind. So there is a tolerance - recognition of the value of other people and cultures. It excludes hostility to a stranger and have therefore makes life better. The desire is to see all over the superiority of their (ethnic groups, the state, religion) is shown a group narcissism - the tendency to absolutize their own ideas and to consider any other knowingly false. " Svetlana Fedorova, psychoanalyst: "Ethnic patriotism is a strong attachment to the motherland, which can cause an archaic fear of symbiosis with the omnipotent mother, able to absorb. And then love for the motherland at an unconscious level can disturb us. Anyone who is not sufficient of itself, self-realization in the family, sex, work, forced to rely on the myths of the great race, history or culture. This artificial "backup" can not substitute its own "I" and make people happy. "

Hakob Nazaretyan, a political psychologist: "Modern educated people are increasingly sees itself not as a part of the denomination or nation, but the scale of civilization. Therefore, when we are constrained by the ethnic community, we experience cognitive dissonance, to put it simply, we are unhappy. On the contrary, where the weaker division into "ours" and "strangers", the citizens have a sense of mutual respect and complicity to everything going on in their country. Reduced aggression and violence, there are grounds for optimism. "