Princess Diana: The Origins of Worship
B the night of 30 on August 31, 1997 in Paris in a car accident at the bridge of Alma, along with her companion Dodi Al Fayed Princess Diana died. But to this day, the world catches even the occasional mention of it. An interest in everything connected with the life and death of the princess, continues unabated. At an auction in London was immediately sold the bike on which Diana Spencer rode as a child. Tens of thousands of tickets for the concert in memory of Princess were sold within a few minutes. Almost 20% of air passengers in the answer to the question: "Who do you want to see your companion?" - named Princess Diana *. Books and souvenirs of her with her image are scattered like hot cakes. The image of Lady Di continues to haunt our imagination. What is the reason for its appeal? Why are so many fans - as diverse and dissimilar people - united around a woman who knew only from photographs in magazines and television coverage? Diana, star of popular, has become a holy nekanonizirovannykh. From the first people identify themselves, the second - worship.
The feat or perfection
Diana's death overshadowed the death of Mother Teresa, occurred five days later. Why are these events, we have responded differently? "Mother Teresa is more difficult, it was not perfect, in its coordinate system ideal place God occupied - says psychotherapist Xenia Korbut. - This meant that a person can strive to become better, but it does not replace God. And around Diana created another field in the center of which is perfect, godlike man. One gets the impression that this could be one of us. "
Princess Diana (Diana, Princess of Wales)
Identification of a woman
Psychologist at the University of Adelaide and Flinders (Australia) conducted a study that sought to understand why the death of Princess Diana was widely seen as a personal loss **. "It turned out that this event has stirred up their own painful experiences of many people, - says study leader Dr. psychology Sheila Clark (Sheila Clark). - Triggering of a psychological mechanism of identification. " Anyone who has lost a child of his parents or worries about the future of their own children, unknowingly put themselves in the place of princes William and Harry, and felt the fear of loss. Other people empathized parents Diana and Prince Charles ...
And all study participants tragic death of 36-year-old mothers perceived as injustice and all aroused sympathy.
"Identification - is one of the psychological mechanisms, which helps us to live among the people - says Svetlana existential psychotherapist Krivtsov. - Identifying ourselves with others, we are losing the different behaviors, we try on to the features of the character, style of communication. And to answer the question: who am I "unconsciously imitating others (identifying with them), we (early childhood) to build its own identity. Comparing ourselves to others, we are of something abandon, forget something, but the image of who we like, will continue to affect us.
"The modern world - a world of identities vacuum, - says Doctor of Psychological Science, Alexander Asmolov. - We have no heroes, we can not fall in love with someone and no one to worship, we do not have enough people, when you look at where there is a feeling of happiness and confidence. But it it was crystallized in the form of Princess Diana. " "Her image has attracted mostly men, - the age psychologist Yuri Frolov. - For many of them, Diana embodies the ideal woman that combines several facets: the ideal of a young maiden, sister, lover or mother. From the point of view of the traditional view of the destiny of women Diana realized: she gave birth to sons. In addition, she had affairs with ordinary people, allowing each man to present herself to her lover. Finally, next to it I was not a very attractive man, who looked at her with loving eyes. Therefore, fantasies, they could try to take away the possibility of a woman near the Prince and thus improve their self-esteem. " And for women, Diana became an ideal, proposed glamor magazines: beautiful, intelligent, free in their actions. So that the identification process, which gained momentum after the tragic death of Princess, gradually walked with her life. Since the circumstances of her destiny, we can not help trying on themselves.
The embodiment of the ideals of
FOR US IT WAS a white screen on which everyone can project their dreams.
Her problems with her husband's family, his novel, her bulimia, her sorrows - all battered public. But our imagination made her life a fairy tale. The girl, who became the chosen one prince oppressed by-law and doomed run, Diana recalls both Snow White and Cinderella. "For me, Princess Di - it is" animated "fairytale princess, of which the good fairies have forgotten, when she was in the cradle, - says 34-year-old Alexander. - But then they realized it ... I have to admit that she was jealous, like a little girl stared at the book with beautiful pictures. " Thus, Diana was a white screen on which everyone can project their own dreams. It was her weakness, and it is now her strength. Each of us needs a myth, a fairy tale, making it possible to live a different life, with the experiences and events that we can not experience in real life. So we absorb all that is beautiful and inaccessible, and so it is sad when a fairy tale ending. "Life of Diana - the best example of a fairy tale that became a life - Alexander Asmolov. - She was a real princess, and, as it should be the best fairy-tale hero, left the palace to the people. She behaved like a man of the earth (and it is a matter of respect). And if it remained cold and aloof (as befits the aristocrat), then we would not be able to identify themselves with it. " Diana embodied the archetype of absolute femininity. Beautiful woman, happy mother, she was a natural and open, but did not hide their weakness and vulnerability. "At all times we needed authority, whose life, words and deeds reflect the spirit and the need of the time - continues Alexander Asmolov. - Diana dared to transformation, why so many people bow down in front of her. "
After the death of Diana, millions of people at once like a princess canonized. Maxence Granier (Maxence Granier), a specialist in semiotics, working on the site, open the American broadcaster CNN immediately after the accident. "The forum was to gather opinions about the causes of this drama - he recalls. - But the visitors turned it into a place of worship of Diana. Among the most common words were "God", "love", "prayer", "hope". Many people went directly to her, as if speaking to the spirit of the deceased, if it passed into the divine dimension. "
She left the young, beautiful, rich. LIKE icons, one for us SO EVER.
Such an attitude can be explained by the circumstances of her death. After all, no one but the family did not see her dead. "For millions of people this means that they can not mourn it and complete their mourning - Yuri Frolov says. - Diana for them continues to live in some sort of parallel, mythical life. " "It was carried out from the world of the living, like other divine heroes - agrees Alexander Asmolov. - Diana died young and beautiful. She would never know old age and will not subject to change - is not a religious way! ".
Added to this is the irrational elements, warming up the people's love. Rumors about the murder, the pursuit of the paparazzi, the conspiracy of the British secret service and the royal family. In other words, if such a powerful alliance of evil powers sought to destroy it, then, Diana really "fought" on the good side. So it is not only holy, but also a martyr. "Be that as it may, the attachment to the star, an idol in this world is not the most comfortable gives us first of all a sense of warmth and light, - says Dmitry Leontyev existential psychologist. - Diana remains a source of positive emotions, which in everyday life we do not have much. " Therefore, 10 years after the death of us with warmth and hope to remember it.
* According to a survey conducted by YouGoy commissioned by British Airways. ** Details on the website of the University of Adelaide www.adelaide.edu.au