Watching us: why do we care?
Imagine that the walls of your home have become transparent. And everyone around can see your every move and hear every word you say. Presented? And now understand that it all really is. And decides how to live with it on.
This summer, in one of the suburbs of New York there was a cautionary tale. Michel Cathala, but a housewife and freelance journalist, decided to buy a pressure cooker. And her husband just at that moment needed a new backpack. They have done so would have done in their place, probably everyone: they began to look for options on the Internet. Michelle was looking out of the house, her husband - to work. After a short time at their house pulled three black minivan. Several groups of armed men went around the building from different angles, taking the sight window and doors. After that unexpected guests offered the hosts slowly reach the threshold with his arms raised.
The guests were members of the counter-terrorism unit. Special services was not hard to figure out that a simultaneous search in Google cooker and a backpack were though with different computers, but members of the same family. That was enough to send the seizure group: a few months before the bombings in Boston. The organizers of the terrorist attack tsarnaev family built a bomb of pressure cookers and carried them to the marathon in backpacks ...
Big Brother Eye
This story - not about the vigilance of the security services, it is about the private life of any of us. Life that no longer exists. Any search query, the status of a social network or a downloaded file is not secret and, sooner or later can be used against us. Asked a friend to chat, where to buy "Nurofen" without a prescription - a drug addict. Downloaded song - computer pirate. Hastily wrote on Facebook something about careless janitor-Tajik - racist. I decided to make a surprise favorite to explore the site of a sex shop - maniac.
"Dignity does not exist by default, we develop throughout his life"
The revelations of Edward Snowden left no doubt: the security services know (or can find out) about what we say and do on the Internet. The same data certainly can get large corporations and capable hackers. And if you want all of them are able to detect the fact that we are saving on the Internet. spyware arsenal so large that steal from any connected computer photo or documents that are stored there - a matter of technique, and no anti-virus software will not become an obstacle.
And then there are surveillance cameras, which are equipped with offices, entrances, underground station. Information from the flock on their computers, too, are connected to the Internet. And as in this case, we can be sure that at this very moment no one is watching us? By the way, video monitors to oversee the kids, who are so fond of installing home of wealthy parents, built-in cameras and laptops, too, can be used by unidentified "well-wishers". The prophecy was fulfilled by George Orwell: Big Brother is watching us. Listen to us, read, study conversation, attachments, contacts. How to live with it?
The all-seeing "Prisma"
June 6, 2013 The Guardian and the Washington Post published a statement on the state intelligence program Prism. The information provided to reporters, former US National Security Agency employee Edward Snowden. By already confirmed data, with the secret services cooperated world's largest companies, including Google, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and YouTube. They all reported information about their users, not only in the US but in other countries around the world. Thus, the secret services were available to our e-mail, publishing to social networks, contact lists stored in your computer documents and audio and video files. Also Prism program authorized tapping and recording of telephone conversations.
"But we do not care"
"Private life - is first and foremost the need for their own space - explains clinical psychologist James Kochetkov. - It is not unique to humans, but also many social animals. Even in a flock of monkeys, there are social masks that are required to wear each. The more important is the availability of its space, where you can take off the mask, and at least for some time to be yourself. Invasion of privacy deprives us of this opportunity and inevitably causes stress. "
Stress really serious happened. Western society is indignant, in US courts rained claims President Obama to publicly explain that the US government should not at all in a row, but only for terrorism suspects, but the explanations help badly. All the more surprising that in Russia, where took refuge Edward Snowden, his exposure no particular reaction is not caused. Internet public does not hit the alarm, human rights activists do not prepare lawsuits and sociologists do not measure the degree of citizens' dissatisfaction, as measured and there is nothing. Does this mean that we care about privacy?
Not at all, I'm sure the analyst Tatiana Rebeko. The point features of the national character: we are living in constant stress, feeling that our privacy is violated at every step. And it happens because "privacy zone" in the Russian people is much broader than, say, Americans. "Those can freely communicate almost any topic, except for their sex life. We also agree that even the names of your favorite movies and books with strangers reluctant to share ", - says Tatiana Rebeko. But for this very reason, the information about total control over the Internet is nothing new to our picture of the world does not add.
Another explanation - the history of our country. "We have a problem of intimate life dismantled at Party meetings - like Jacob Kochetkov. - Several generations lived in a totalitarian state that does not allow for any privacy. Not long ago my friend bought an apartment, began to make repairs - and found "bugs", left over from Soviet times. No wonder it did not cause. We are too accustomed to the fact that watching us to worry about evidence of this fact. "
How to become a "non-transparent"?
Methods of computer espionage opposition known. Do not open e-mails from unknown addresses, not go for bad links, not to download to your computer files, if you're not 100% sure of their origin and content, create a two mailboxes and use one for personal correspondence, and the second - for registration on the Internet. But the main thing - do not announce itself superfluous.
"The information that you provide about yourself on the web, should be treated as a tattoo - advises psychologist James Kochetkov. - It is very nice to look at the young body. But it would be nice to think about how a tattoo will look like after many years, when the skin and muscles become less elastic. In other words, you must be old enough to set boundaries and privacy, clearly imagining the possible consequences of its own openness. "
To return dignity
"We knew that everything under the hood", "think of it, the news" ... In such a reaction, some ostentatious cynicism. Resorting to it, we unconsciously deny the value that grossly violated by the fact of surveillance. And the value of this - personal dignity, says psychologist Eugene Osin: "Dignity does not exist by default. The newborn has no private life: it is completely dependent on the mother, who wiped his drool and changing diapers. Dignity is formed with age, but only on condition that the parents help the child to gradually expand their personal space. And if they keep wiping his drooling and 10, and at age 15, they deprive it of such a possibility. The same thing happens when the function strict but caring parent takes on the state or social group. Man is a social individual does not develop further. He successfully plays a social role, but has almost no sphere of its own, does not become a person. " It would seem that young people are not caught totalitarian state should appreciate more privacy. But young internet users in Russia, not only did not go to rallies against surveillance, but with surprising nonchalance continue to report information on the web, share which should not be categorically. Recently I came across a publication in the eye of the young niece of my Facebook friends. After receiving a new passport, it posted its first page - with photos, number, signature, and all the other data. Many girls (and boys) place their photos in the nude - to improve self-esteem, find a partner, boasts of its looseness. "Human dignity is directly dependent on environmental influences. And the change of external circumstances does not automatically change to us, - says Evgeny Osin. - Much more significant influence adults who give the child the ways of dealing with the world. "
But how about the fact that a lot of us already know to other people with whom we do not intend to "close"? Unsubscribe from the Internet at all? According to the British The Daily Mail (whose information is, however, always requires careful checking), 11 million people are removed in recent years their accounts to Facebook - it is due to the fact that their privacy was available to outsiders. Well, the next step - to give up the phone (listen to) and a computer (hacked). Then, in the course will hoods, goggles and masks - that we did not recognize security camera ...
"We should not overestimate the importance of his own person, - says Jacob Kochetkov. - The number of e-mails and publications the billions, and no intelligence did not read them all in a row. Algorithms start viewing messages, respond to keywords. And if you do not plan the attack and did not discuss the supply of heroin, your conversations are unlikely to be interested in the state. Therefore, the concern for privacy should not develop into paranoia: no matter how wide surveillance capabilities, and can not always keep track of all, but in this it makes no sense. " Tatyana Rebeko your answer to the question of how not to be afraid of the invasion of privacy. "Live so that was nothing to fear," - she said. No, none of us is an angel, but that's quite different. "I have often met people who have an inner core, - says Tatiana Rebeko. - Their main secret is that they are open to the world and very respectful to yourself, appreciating including own shortcomings. We - the authors of his life, and in each case it failed pages. The main thing - to recognize that our lives are not exhaustive. In this case, any revelations of past secrets make stupid look voyeuristic keyhole, rather than those for whom they are spying. "