Why time is running faster during the holidays?
When we are on vacation, time seems to have leaked through his fingers. Just arrived - and already have to collect back. But after coming back we can spend hours with friends to share their impressions. "The effect of the holidays," arises from the fact that our usual perception of time is broken.
vacation time to make our life a fresh stream, energizes and leaves pleasant memories. But for some reason, no matter how rich nor was rest, he always comes to an end so quickly? As if we are watching developments in fast-forward mode, and memories of good days spent issued by us on a separate disk and written directly into the brain. This paradox, known as the "effect of the holidays," says journalist and popularizer of science Hammond Claudia (Claudia Hammond) in his book "Distorted time perception of the mysteries of our time." *
"The key elements that shape our perception of time - it's memories and time markers (events, experiences, impressions). Vacation provides ideal conditions for time passed quickly for us - it violates the everyday routine and monotony. At the same time we get a lot of new visual and audio experiences that occupy our attention. When you get home, it takes another element - the memory. The reason that you feel as if they were not at home a few years, that you have experienced this week is much greater than would be experienced for a week everyday life. Thus, our subjective perception of the time period does not depend on its actual length, and how many of our memories associated with it.
The paradox arises from a vacation to the fact that our mind perceives time in two different ways - prospectively and retrospectively. When we watch what we do and what we think at the moment, we estimate the time prospectively. If we focus on the past, it is a retrospective perception. Normally, these two perceptions are the same, but sometimes this does not happen, then we feel the distortion over time.
We resort to prospective and retrospective assessment of the time constant. When life is measured, both the perception of the same, making us feel that the days and weeks go at a normal pace. There are time markers, which allow us to measure the length of time - for example, the beginning and the end of the day, lunch time, favorite TV show, evening rituals. Days are subject to the same rhythm. Even the diversity that bring new experiences, different known predictable (we remember from six to nine new events per day). Prospective and retrospective perception of time are in equilibrium. But unusual experiences can disrupt this balance. During the holidays, we rarely look at the clock, the usual routine is disturbed. We are so obsessed with their feelings that the prospective time moves jumps for us. Retrospective time based on our experiences, on the amount of new impressions. Sometimes switching from one mode to the other is very sharp. Therefore, we can not get used to the "paradox of vacation." We will continue to take a period of time in different planes, and every time we wonder what tricks is doing time with us. " * C. Hammond "Time Warped: Unlocking the Mysteries of Time Perception" (Canongate Books, 2013).