How to return the ability to think critically?
Forced to survive in a stormy flow of information, we often catch myself on the fact that they are unable to separate the important from the unimportant. How to improve critical thinking, says psychotherapist Irina Panyukova.
The responsibility for the wrong perception of information is to not fully perceived. In many cases the presentation of information deliberately organized in a way that eliminates or makes it difficult to evaluate it critically. For this purpose there is a special manipulation technology. For example, note the destination is diverted from the main content and switches to the secondary. In this case, the recipient has shifted the focus of consciousness and criticality is reduced.
The simplest and the familiar example: we look at the TV screen, we show happy people, friendly, fun family. Our attention is occupied by their relationship. Then we gently tell: if you buy something, you will also become so happy and cheerful. First, given the positive bright picture, and then should offer to buy something - as a way to achieve the same pleasant conditions. The viewer does not have time to understand what he gets is not what it shows. Since the demand is generated, amplified purchasing activity. Man buys offer, but, of course, does not get what he wanted. With the purchase is impossible to meet the demand for closeness and good family. I will add that we live in a mighty flow of information, and often not in a position to assess it simply because of the amount. There is also a psychological condition and age features that reduce the criticality of understanding the information. The children still have little experience and consciousness is not very developed. Teenagers emotions prevail over reason - this is the feature of adolescent psyche. A noncritical elderly is often associated, firstly, with the habit of trusting the media, and secondly, with age-related physiological changes: a critical function depends on the work of the cerebral cortex, which is broken due to vascular disease, atherosclerosis, long current hypertension disease. Reducing the severity can be observed in adults - when they are tired, not getting enough sleep, hungry, for example, due to a rigid diet with restriction of protein and glucose.
The conclusion is reasonable to evaluate incoming information to us, we need to eat regularly, get enough sleep, to be outdoors.
Our everyday environment also carries information that affects our state, even though we often do not realize it. The landscape of the industrial zone or third ring tedious and monotonous, it has no aesthetic value and exhausts us. Is useful from time to time to arrange a day of psychological relief - when the information is supplied at least while she is healthy and useful. For example, spend a day in nature - what we learn from the forests, air and water probably will benefit us.
Once a month in Psychologies edition of the oval table is going to some psychologists, writers, cultural figures. Each of them says that he is excited or interested in today. Select one common theme - and each of the guests wrote a short text. The result is a three-dimensional picture - a few opinions on the same issue. The theme of our last "Oval Table" - "non-critical attitude to information."