Infants surprise psychologists
Children under one year have sufficient knowledge of the world to marvel passing through the wall of the ball, and riding through the air machine. And it's surprisingly - a strong incentive for their development.
How to learn the objects of children under one year of the world? This question will answer any parent: children tuck them into his mouth, deep as possible or that there are forces pounded them against other solid objects. (In connection with introduction of children, for example, with mobile phones or tablets of sleeping pills is better to postpone to a more conscious age.) But since children enter only in relation to objects, causing their genuine interest, according to psychologists at Johns Hopkins University (USA) (1) .
The experiment involved 11-month-old babies. They showed quite ordinary toys - for example, rubber balls and cars. Balls rolled down a hill and bounced off, hit the wall and the machine rolled on the table and fell down, hitting the edge. In general, all went on as usual. But then the researchers decided to surprise the children. And balls suddenly started to pass through the wall (through a specially Realized pre-opening). A machine, hitting the edge of the table, then went "over the air" (in fact, of course - for the invisible children support).
And, suddenly, the babies have surprised psychologists. If toys that behave in the usual, predictable way, did not cause much interest in children, the "magic" machine and balls used extremely popular. They kept trying to shove into his mouth in whole or break about that you have to. Scientists have been forced to admit: as early as 11 months the children have sufficient knowledge about the world, to predict the behavior of certain objects. And the ability to be surprised when those same objects behave unpredictably. "Children are very quick to respond to surprise them with objects, - says head of research, professor of psychology Feydzhinson Lisa (Lisa Feigenson). - and use them as an opportunity to learn something new about the world, something that was previously unknown to them. When the children are surprised to learn they are much better. " One of the key issues raised by the study is the question of where all our knowledge arises. "Whether we are born into the world with pre-existing notions about the world? - Lisa continues Feydzhinson. - And if so, what part of our knowledge falls on this "legacy", and what - the share of interaction with the environment and observing him, as well as the effort of parents and teachers "However, adults in any case it is necessary often to surprise the children, knowing that they better remember the unusual situation and actively interact with objects that behave strangely.
(one). L. Feigenson, A. Stahl "Observing the unexpected enhances infants' learning and exploration", www.sciencemag.org